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          Out of的詳細用法

          2022-09-09 17:48 來源: 高考學習網 本文影響了:104163人

          一、out of的基本用法

          Ⅰ.表示“在……外”之意:

          1.The chemical plant is out of town.該化工廠在城外.

          2.Our factory is 4 miles out of the city.我廠離城4英里.(指在城外,離城4英里.)

          Ⅱ.表示“從……里”、“從……當中”之意:

          1.We should remove the machine out of the room.我們應該把這臺記起從室內搬出去.

          2.Pump as much air as possible out of the container.盡可能地把容器內的空氣都抽走.

          3.You many choose one out of them.你可以從中選擇一個.

          4.This is only one instance out of many.這只不過是許多例子中的一例而已.

          5. There was something coming to her and she was waiting for it, fearfully. What was it? She did not know, it was too subtle and elusive to name. But she felt it, creeping out of the sky, reaching toward her through the sounds,the scents,the color that filled the air.

          有種東西正向她靠近,而她正恐懼地等待著。那是什么?她不知道。那東西太微妙太難以捉摸了,她說不清楚。但是她能感覺得到它,它正悄無聲息地從天空中逸出,穿過彌漫于空氣中的聲音、氣味和顏色慢慢地向她靠近。(it指的是freedom

          Ⅲ.表示“接觸”、“脫離”、“沒有”、“缺乏”之意:

          1.They have got out of many difficulties.他們已擺脫了許多困難.

          2.The instrument went out of order.這個儀表發生故障.

          3.That machine is out of repair.那臺機器失修了(或損壞了).

          4.Those devices are out of date.那些裝置過時了.

          5.They were often out of spare parts before liberation.解放前他們常缺少備件.

          6.It is out of comparison.這是無可比擬的.

          7.A new method was introduced are old one naturally.采用了新方法,舊方法自然就淘汰了.

          8.Their workshop has run out of oxygen.他們的車間已用完氧氣.

          Ⅳ.表示來源、原因和動機之意:

          1.He copied something new out of this book.他從這本書里摘抄了些新的內容.

          2.They helped you out of pity.他們基于同情而幫助了你.

          3.He went only out of curiosity.他僅僅是由于好奇心才去的.

          4.He made this table out of an old box.他用一個舊木箱做成了這張桌子.

          5.We did this out of necessary.我們出于需要做了這件事.

          Ⅴ.表示“使……不……”和“使……取消……”之意:

          1.We talked him out of his wrong plan.我們勸說他放棄他的錯誤計劃.

          2.They argued her out of violating the operating rules.他們說服她別違反操作規程.

          二、帶out of的一些常用詞組舉例(含義基本就是這個名詞的相反的意思)

          out of balance 不平衡,失去平衡

          to go out of control(hand) 失去控制(無法收拾的)

          out of doubt 無疑

          out of focus 散聚

          out of gear 混亂,發生故障

          out of operation 不運轉

          out of fashion 過時,陳舊

          out of joint 脫節

          out of step 不同步,不一致

          out of stock 脫銷

          out of touch 不接觸

          out of practice 荒疏

          out of work 失業

          The axle is out of true.軸的部位不正了

          out of sight看不見

          out of work失業

          out of order發生故障

          out of many difficulties擺脫了許多困難

          out of repair失修(或損壞)

          out of style過時,不時髦

          out of business破產

          out of date 過時

          out of the ordinary 不尋常的

          out of touch 失去聯系

          out of stock 脫銷

          out of patience 不耐煩

          out of breath上氣不接下氣,喘不過氣

          out of the woods擺脫了前途不明,或危險的處境

          Thank God he seems to be out of the woods now!他似乎渡過了危險期,真是謝天謝地。

          out of the picture不再參與某項工程,或者退出某一行動

          When I lived with my parents they had too many rules. These days I live by myself and can do as I please since they're now out of the picture. But I do miss them, so I visit them almost every weekend.

          我以前和我父母一起住的時候,他們有好多規矩?,F在我一個人住了,我愿意怎么做就怎么做,他們已經管不著了。但是,我很想他們,所以幾乎每星期都回去看望他們。

          out of this world令人激動,精彩極了,絕妙的,特別是在形容音樂、電影的時候可以用

          Say, I see that Gone with the Wind is on TV tonight. I've seen it ten times already but I'll watch it again. I think it's out of this world--maybe the best movie ever made!

          喂,今天晚上電視上要放《飄》這部電影。我已經看過十遍了,但是我今天還要再看一遍。我認為這個電影實在是太精彩了,可能是所有電影當中最好的一部。

          Donna took me to lunch at a restaurant in a shady woods just outside of town. We sat outdoors and the food tasted great. The place is so pretty and relaxed that it's really out of this world!

          唐納帶我到近郊一個隱蔽在樹林里的飯館去吃午飯。我們坐在戶外。那里的飯菜色香味都好極了。那兒的環境非常漂亮和輕松。這實在是絕好的享受。

          三、out of用法的注意點

          Ⅰ.正確理解“from+out of+名詞”的意義:

          1.We should remove the device from out of the room at once.我們應該立即搬到室外的那個裝置.

          這里,介詞短語“out of+名詞”又作介詞from的賓語.上句原意是:我們應該立即把這個裝置從室外搬走.遇到這種“from+out of+名詞”的詞組,首先把“out of+名詞”理解為“……外”,并作為一個整體概念來看待,然后早套上from(從)的意思即行.再如:

          2.He is from out of town.他是城外人.

          先把out of town理解為一個整體概念,即“城外”,然后套上from(從……)含義 ,故全句也可譯為:他住在城外.

          Ⅱ.根據有無其反義詞in,into的搭配關系來選擇和判斷out of的含義.例如:

          1.This plant is in town.這個工廠在城里.

          That plant is out of town.那個工廠在城外.

          2.They are in danger.他們處境危險.

          He is out of danger.他已脫險.

          3.This kind machine comes into fashion.這種機器正風行一時.

          That kind of machine came out of fashion.那種記起不風行了(或“過時了”).

          4.We talked him into making these experiments.我們勸說他做這些實驗.

          They talked him out of making these experiments.他們勸說他別做這些實驗.

          注:這種方法只能幫助我們選擇out of 在句中的具體意義,而不能認為任何out of用法都有 in,into作其反義詞.

          Ⅲ.注意out of question和out of the question詞義差別很大:

          1.This is out of question an example of an important principle that applies to all machines.(作狀語)這毫無疑問是適用于一切機械的一個重要原理的舉例.

          2.In the first instance,increasing the temperature is out of the question.(起形容詞作用,作表語)在第一種情況下,提高溫度是不可能的.

          比較:

          ①Your success is out of question.(你一定成功。)

          ②Your success is out of the question.(你必定失敗。)

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