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          人教版九年級英語上冊1-10單元??荚~組用法歸納

          2022-09-10 03:01 來源: 高考學習網 本文影響了:3252人

          1.put on著重于“穿”這一動作,即由沒穿到穿這一過程的完成,意為“穿上”。如:Please put on your new coat.

          請穿上你的新大衣。

          2.wear強調“穿著”這一狀態,也可表示“戴著”。如:He’s wearing a white shirt.他穿著一件白襯衫。

          (比較:He is putting on his blue hat.他正戴上他的藍帽子。)

          3.dress既可表示動作,又可表示狀態,常由人作賓語,意為“給……穿衣服”。如:

          Could you dress the child for me? 你能不能替我給小孩穿上衣服?

          ①當表示自己穿衣服時,一般用“get dressed(=dress oneself)”。如:He cannot get dressed(=dress himself). 他不會自己穿衣服。

          ②當dress表示狀態時,一般要用“be dressed in”的形式。如:She was dressed in a red coat. 她穿著一件紅色的上衣。

          4.dress up強調著意打扮,意為“穿上盛裝;喬裝打扮”。如:She likes to dress up for a party. 她喜歡打扮得漂漂亮亮的去參加晚會。

          5.“be in+表示顏色或衣服的詞”是系表結構,強調“穿著”“戴著”的狀態,后面多接顏色。 如:

          The girl in red is my sister.穿著紅色衣服的女孩是我的妹妹。

          6.die和death都是“死亡”的意思,它們的區別在于詞性不同:die是動詞,death是名詞,還有dead是形容詞。例如:She died of hunger.她死于饑餓。在這里,die是動詞,它在這個句子里作謂語。

          Her death was a shock to him.她的死對他是個打擊。在這里,death是名詞,它在這個句子里作主語。

          The tiger fell dead.老虎倒地死去。這里的dead是形容詞,它在這個句子里作表語。

          注意:die為短暫性動詞,不能與延續性時間連用,表延續性用be dead。

          7.convenient的用法:①1. convenient無論表示“便利的”“不遠的”,還是表示“方便的”“合適的”,均可與介詞 for, to 連用。如:Our school is convenient for [to] the station. 我們學校離車站很近便。

          If it is convenient for [to] you, we’ll come tomorrow. 如果你方便的話,我們就明天來吧。

          ②. convenient的實際意思是“使人感到方便的”,而不是“(自己)感覺到方便的”,所以它的主語通常不能是人。如:Railway is convenient. 鐵路方便。

          比較:誤:I’ll come if you are convenient.正:I’ll come if it is convenient for [to] you. 你若方便,我就來。

          ③. 其后可接不定式,但句子應帶有形式主語或形式賓語 it。如:I think it (is) convenient to leave at once. 我認為馬上離開較適合。Will it be convenient for you to start work tomorrow? 明天就開始工作你覺得方便嗎?

          有時也可能沒有形式主語,而用“人”或“物”作主語,但此時句子的主語必須是其后不定式的邏輯賓語。如:Mary is convenient to see on Sunday. = It’s convenient to see Mary on Sunday.

          星期天見瑪麗較為方便。

          The furniture is convenient to move. = It is convenient to move the furniture. 這家具搬起來很方便。

          8.動詞suggest有如下一些用法: ⑴有"建議"的意思.advise, propose 也有此義,請比較它們用法的異同: ① 都可接名詞作賓語 She suggested / advised / proposed an early start. 她建議早一點出發.

          We suggested / advised / proposed a visit to the museum the next day. 我們建議明天去參觀博物館.

          ②都可接動名詞作賓語 I suggested / advised / proposed putting off the sports meet. 我建議將運動會延期. They suggested / advised / proposed waiting until the proper time. 他們建議(我們)等到恰當的時機才行動.

          ③都可接that 賓語從句, that從句用should+動詞原形, should可以省略. She suggested / advised / proposed that the class meeting (should) not be held on Saturday. 她建議班會不要在星期六舉行.

          We suggested / advised / proposed that he (should) go and make an apology to his teacher. 我們建議他去向老師道歉.

          ④ advise 可接動詞不定式復合賓語, propose 可接不定式作賓語. I advised him to give up the foolish idea. = I suggested / proposed his / him giving up the foolish idea. 我建議他放棄那愚蠢的念頭.

          (suggest和propose在口語里可接動名詞的復合賓語).

          We proposed to start early. = We proposed starting early. 我們建議早一點出發.(接不定式不用suggest和advise)

          ⑵有"提出"的意思.如: He suggested a different plan to his boss. 他向老板提出了一個不同的計劃.

          Xiao Wang suggested a way to solve the problem. 小王提出了一個解決這個問題的辦法.

          ⑶有"暗示、表明"的意思.其主語往往是事物,而不是人. ①接名詞或動名詞作賓語.

          The simple house suggested a modest income. 這座簡樸的房子表明(房主的)收入并不高.

          Her pale face suggested bad health. 她臉色蒼白,看來身體不好.

          The thought of summer suggests swimming. 一想到夏天就使人們聯想到游泳.

          ②接賓語從句,從句用陳述語氣.如: The decision suggested that he might bring his family. 這個決定表明他可以把家屬帶來. The expression on his face suggested that he was very angry. 他臉上的表情表明他很生氣.

          ⑶在主語從句It is suggested that... 及名詞suggestion 后面表示具體建議的表語從句、同位語從句都應用should+動詞原形,should可以省略.如: It was suggested that we (should) give a performance at the party. 人們建議我們在晚會上表演節目.

          His suggestion was that the debts (should) be paid off first. 他的建議是先把債務還清.

          The doctors made a suggestion that the new hospital (should) not be set up on the hill. 醫生們建議不要把新醫院建在山上.

          9. dare作情態動詞:通常用于疑問句、否定句或條件句中;或與whether, hardly等連用。如:

          Dare you ask him?你敢問他嗎? She dare not go out alone. 她不敢單獨出去。

          I don’t know whether he dare try. 我不知道他敢不敢試。

          If you ever dare call me that name again, you’ll be sorry. 你膽敢再那樣叫我, 你會后悔的。

          注意:①. 有時有過去式dared。如: No one dared speak of it. 沒有人敢提及此事。

          ② How dare you/he/she/they…?表示說話人對某人的行為表示憤慨。如: How dare you ask me such a question?

          你怎敢問我這樣的問題?

          ③ I dare say表示“我相信,我認為,可能”。如:I dare say you are right. 我認為你是對的。

          ■dare作行為動詞:可用于各種句子中;在疑問句或否定句中,to經常被省略。如:Did anyone dare (to) admit it?有人敢于承認嗎? He did not dare (to) leave his car there. 他不敢把車停放在那里。

          If he dares to show up at her house I’ll be surprised. 如果他敢出現在她的房子里,我會感到吃驚。

          注意:表示“挑釁,挑起,敢冒(險) ”等意思時,只能用作行為動詞。

          I dare you to cheat me. 諒你也不敢欺騙我。 He dared me to jump over the river.他激我跳過河。

          She dared the anger of her father. 她不怕惹她父親發火。

          10. do with 常與連接代詞 what 連用,而 deal with 常與連接副詞 how 連用,如:

          ① I don’t know how they deal with the problem. (= I don’t know what they do with the problem. )我不知道他們如何處理這個問題。

          ② He is easy to deal with. (= He is easy to do with. 這時“do”是不及物動詞)他是容易相處的人。這兩個詞組在使用時有細微的差別。一般地說,do with 表示“處置”、“忍受”、“相處”、“有關”等。如:

          ③They found a way to do with the elephant. 他們找到對付那頭大象的辦法了。

          ④We can’t do with such carelessness. 我們不能容忍這種粗枝大葉的作風。

          ⑤We are difficult to do with the new comer. 我們很難與新來的那個人相處。

          ⑥I have nothing to do with him. 我跟他無任何關系。

          11. deal with 意義很廣,常表示“對付”、“應付”、“處理”、“安排”、“論述”、“涉及”等。如:

          They could properly deal with all kinds of situations. 他能恰當地應付各種局面。

          Deal with a man as he deals with you. 以其人之道,還治其人之身。

          This is a book dealing with Asian problems. 這是一本論述亞洲問題的書。

          They have learned to deal with various persons. 他們學會了和各種人打交道

          12. make it 是英語口語中十分有用的一個習語,用法比較多,本文為大家歸納如下。

          ①表示事業獲得成功

          You will make it if you try. 你會成功的,如果你努力的話。

          He’s never really made it as an actor. 他當演員從未有所成就。

          ②表示某人做成某事

          You needn’t worry; he will make it. 你不必 擔心,他會辦成的。

          If you want to make it, better get doing. 如果你想把這事干成,就該動手了。

          I can’t make it on Friday. 星期五我辦不好。

          Many high-wire walkers died on their last step, thinking they had made it.

          許多走繩索 者死在最后一步上,這時他們認為已經演成功了。

          I thought he would be too old to get to the top of the mountain, but he made it at last.

          我原以為他年紀大爬不到山頂,但最后他還是爬上去了。

          ③表示設法做到某事

          I’ve been having violin lessons every two weeks, but I think I’ll make it every week from now on.

          我一直是每兩個星期上一次小提琴課,但是我想從現在起每個星期都上課。

          ④表示及時趕上火車等

          The train leaves in five minutes—we’ll never make it. 火車再有五分鐘就開了—— 我們絕對趕不上了。

          The train won’t leave for another ten minutes, so I think we can make it. 離 開 車 還有 10 分鐘,我想我們能趕得上。

          ⑤表示及時抵達某地

          We are too late; I don’t think we can make it. 我們太遲了,我想我們難以準時趕到了。

          He says he’ll come on time, but he’ll never make it. 他說他明天準時來, 但他絕對做不 到。

          I’m really sorry, but I won’t be able to make it on Sunday after all. 真的很抱歉, 我星期天根本趕不到。

          If you can’t make it Friday, we can invite somebody else. 如果你星期五趕不到,我們 可邀請其他人。

          make it是美國俚語, 是一個用途極廣的多義性習語,在書刊中俯首即是,在日常交談中隨時可聽得到, 但要真正理解并掌握其在不同場合下的不 同含義并非一件容易的事。筆者在這里想談談該習語的常見用法。

          ①用來表示規定時間,常與 can, let 等詞連用。例如:

          A:Shall we meet next week?下星期我們見面,好嗎?

          B:Yes. Let's make it next Sunday.好 的,讓我們約定下星期日吧。

          A: Can you make it tomorrow?明天行嗎?

          ②用來表示達到預定目標;辦成, 做到;成功;發跡。例如:

          Tell him I want to see him tonight, at my house if he can make it.告訴他今晚我 要見他,行的話就在我家。

          He wants to make it as a writer.他想作為作家而一舉成名。

          ③用來表示及時抵達;趕上。例如:

          He won't be able to make it home at Christmas.圣誕節時他到不了家。

          We'll make it with a minute or two to spare.我們能及時趕到,而且還可以早一兩 分鐘。

          ④用來表示(疾病)等得到好轉; 得救。 例如:

          The doctor knew that the patient was unlikely to make it.醫生知道那個病人沒什么希望了。

          Lucy almost died, but they gave her blood transfusions and she made it.露茜幾乎瀕臨死亡,但輸血以后她又轉危為安了。

          ⑤用來表示相處得很好,受歡迎(或 尊重),被接受(與 with 連用)。例如:

          She finally made it with the crowd in Hollywood.她終于受到好萊塢人的歡迎。

          Talking that way, he'll never make it with the committee.他那樣說話在委員會決 不會被接受。

          ⑥用來表示預定小吃。例如:

          Make it a cake and a bottle of orange. 來一塊蛋糕和一瓶橘汁。

          Make it three bottles of the best champagne you've got and send them up to my room .送三瓶最好的香檳酒到我的房間去。

          13. make it to a place 到達某地

          Eric set sail once again, this time with 25 ships, of which only 14 made it to Greenland.

          ①表示約定時間

          “When shall we meet again?” “Make it any day you like; it’s all the same to me.” “ 我 們什么時候再次碰頭?”“隨你定在哪天,我 無所謂?!?/p>

          Let’s make it at seven o’clock on Tuesday morning at my office. 我們把時間定在星期 二早上七點,地點就在我辦公室。

          “Shall we make it next week?” “OK, let’s make it next week.” “ 下個星 期 可 以 嗎?”“好的,咱們就定在下個星期吧?!?/p>

          Let’s make it at 8:30. Is that all right for you? 我們約定在 8 點半吧,這對你合適嗎?

          ②表示病情好轉

          The doctor knew that the patient was unlikely to make it. 醫生知道那個病人沒什么希 望了。

          He had a high fever, but it doesn’t mean he couldn’t make it. 他發高燒, 但這并不意味著他挺不過去。

          注意,以下 make it…結構中的 it 為形式賓語:

          I have to make it clear that my family is poor. 我得說清楚我家里很窮。

          He made it a rule to take part in physi

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